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Titre: Voice morphology in Japanese argument structures

Auteur1: Oseki Yohei

Annee: 2017

typeOuvrage: article


Genre: Specialité

Resume_editeur: In this paper, we review and investigate verbal argument structures in Japanese, especially transitivity alternations where transitive-intransitive verb “pairs” (e.g. mawa-s-u vs. mawa-r-u, ‘turn’) have been exclusively analyzed with mixed results in favor of both lexical (Miyagawa, 1984; Jacobsen, 1992) and syntactic (Miyagawa, 1998; Nishiyama, 1998) strands. Empirically, we closely examine hitherto unexplored verb “triplets” (Suga, 1980; de Chene, 2016), in which the same lexical roots are shared by multiple transitive/intransitive verbs with different transitivity morphology, and reveal their differential syntactic behaviors in the interpretation of external arguments (between multiple transitive verbs sharing the same root) and unaccusativity (between multiple intransitive verbs sharing the same root). Theoretically, within the framework of Distributed Morphology (Halle & Marantz, 1993), we propose the system in which transitivity morphology, previously identified as little v (Volpe, 2005; Harley, 2008; Marantz, 2013), is analyzed as Voice morphology differently specified regarding the presence/absence of external arguments (Schafer, 2008; Marantz, 2013; Wood, 2015; Alexiadou et al., 2015), and explain the syntax of transitivity alternations. Furthermore, the proposed Voice system will be extended to the broader empirical domain of Japanese argument structures and derive ditransitive verbs, “figure ditransitive” verbs, and syntactic causatives/passives. Finally, we discuss several theoretical consequences of our proposal concerning (i) lexical vs. syntactic approaches to argument structure, (ii) the distinctness of Voice and little v (Harley, 2013; Legate, 2014), and (iii) the unification of argument-introducing functional heads under i* (Wood & Marantz, 2017).

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